Racial groups include:

  • colour;
  • nationality;
  • ethnic or national origins.

In relation to the protected characteristic, race is a reference to the particular racial group/s into which a person falls.  A racial group can comprise of two or more distinct racial groups.

The Equality Act 2010 says a person must not be discriminated against because of their race. In the Equality Act, race can refer to colour, nationality (including citizenship). It can also refer to ethnic or national origins, which may not be the same as a person’s current nationality.